korean couple swapping. redwap

Ballet composers come from all walks of life. There are Russian composers, German, American, French, Italian, so on and so forth. We would like to take this time to introduce you to four composers who are well known and influential in the world of ballet


Ludwig Minkus


This Austrian composer of ballet was not only influential in his home country, he spent a great deal of time earning his rights in the ballet world while in Russia. Besides writing ballets that were moving and working with some of the most well renowned personalities in the art, he was also a violin genius and educator.

His tenure at the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres in Russia as Composer of Ballet Music enabled Minkus to not only generate original works in ballet that were choreographed by Masters Arthur Saint-Léon and Marius Petipa. Besides original works Minkus did a great deal of work inserting new material in ballets that already existed.

Minkus was born in the Innere Stadt district of Vienna in Austria on March 23, 1826. His parents were originally Jewish but converted to Catholicism when they moved to Austria from their native Moravia, which was once a country in the Czech Republic.

At the age of four Minkus began private violin instructions and at twelve began his studies in music at the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, a prominent school in Vienna. His composing of ballets began when he was a pupil.

In 1852 Minkus became the head violinist with the Vienna Court Opera but wouldn’t stay long. The very next year this ballet composer relocated to St. Petersburg in Russia to conduct the serf orchestra for Prince Nikolai Yusupov and he would remain in that position for the next two years.

Minkus’ ballet composition career came in 1862 when Arthur Saint-Léon commissioned the musician a violin solo to be inserted into Orfa, a ballet with a score written by Adolphe Adam. This is where the collaboration between Saint-Léon and Minkus began but this is not where it would end.

Saint-Léon called on Minkus to compose a work for the Grand Ballet. He came up with La Flamme d’amour, ou La Salamandre, which premiered at the Bolshoi Theatre on November 24, 1863. This piece had several other showings specifically for the Imperial Ballet in St. Petersburg and at the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre under the title Fiammetta, ou L’amour du Diable.

Later the two worked together at the Théâtre Impérial del l’Opéra on La Source. This work completed seventy-three performances from opening night on November 12, 1866 until ten years later when it closed. This pair would continue to collaborate through the rest of that decade.

Another ballet legend Minkus worked with was Marius Petipa, whom he came to know through his association with Saint-Léon. The two would work on ballets such as Don Quixote, La Camargo, Le Papillon, Les Brigands, Les Aventures de Pélée, Le Songe d’une nuit d’été and La Bayadére.

In 1891 Minkus and his wife left Russia for good and relocated back to their home in Vienna. It was here where he penned his final compositions, Die Maskenfest, Die Dryaden, and Rübezahl. His wife passed on in 1895 and he followed her a long twenty-two years later dying of pneumonia in 1917 at the age of ninety-one. He had no children and was survived only by a niece.


Sergey Prokofiev


This composer of ballets on our list hails directly from Russia. Born a lifetime later than our last writer Prokofiev’s family were agriculturalists and his mother played the piano and was the first music teacher Prokofiev had. She would also take him to Moscow to attend the opera.

In 1904 Prokofiev began attending the conservatory in St. Petersburg. He would stay there for ten years and won the Anton Rubinstein Prize for his first work, which was not a ballet but a Piano Concerto No.1 in D-flat Major. Once graduated Prokofiev began to focus his studies on ballets by Igor Stravinsky. It was also at that time when he became familiar with ballet master Serge Diaghilev.

This friendship would become very significant for Prokofiev and influence his work for the next decade or more.

In 1914 Prokofiev composed the ballet Ala and Lolli specifically for Diaghilev but the legend rejected his work. The next year he wrote The Tale of the Buffoon Who Outjested Seven Buffoons but later rewrote it at The Buffoon, which was commissioned directly from Diaghilev.

Prokofiev also worked in the world of opera. Before graduating from the Conservatory he wrote the infantile Maddalena he would go on to compose The Gambler in 1915. This composer was known for his ability to combine striking power with delicate librettos.

While he mostly produced non-ballet works in 1917, when the revolutions in Russia were at their peak, Prokofiev was fairly prolific. He would begin writing the original opera The Love for Three Oranges. The next year, with the revolutions raging, Prokofiev decided to take is talent overseas for a concert. He would spend the decade and a half traveling and making music on foreign soil.

These years, characteristically referred to as his “years of wandering” Prokofiev tried to stay connected with his Russian roots even though he was unable to return home. In 1918 he played in Tokyo and Yokohama while traveling to San Francisco. He made his way to New York City and eventually wound up working for the Chicago Opera Association where he was commissioned to write comic buffa and this would be when he completed The Love for Three Oranges. This piece would go on to be produced in his home, now called the Soviet Union, and in western Europe.

It wasn’t until he spent time in southern Germany that Prokofiev began to, once again, compose ballets, specifically those with one act. Le Pas d’acier was performed for the first time in 1927 and two years later his original composition The Prodigal Son would have its premiere.

Prokofiev would return to his home in the late 1920s and eventually stay for good. He left his home in Paris and focused on creating works that would become important in the culture of the Soviet Union. It was at this time he composed his masterpiece Romeo and Juliet in 1935.

Dying from a cerebral hemorrhage in 1953 there still remained a great deal of unfinished works in his repertoire. He was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1957 for his Symphony No. 7, which is the highest honor a composer can receive in the Soviet Union.


Cesare Pugni

Our third composer on the list today hails from Italian descent. Born on May 31, 1802, Pugni was an important composer of ballets for Her Majesty’s Theatre in London until the year 1950. From there he would travel to the Imperial Theatres in St. Petersburg and work for the next twenty years.

Having composed nearly one hundred original ballet scores as well as adapting other works makes Pugni arguable the most productive writer of ballets to ever live. Born in Genoa Pugni studied composition and theory at the Milan Conservatory of Music. While there he studied under Alessandro Rolla and Bonifazio Asioli. It was here where he would pen his first piece Elerz e Zulmida in 1826.

Once graduated Pugni traveled to Paris and was appointed director of the Paganini Institute where he would have a succinct association with Bellini. It was here where Pugni composed works The Marquitante, The Marble Maiden, Stella, ou Les Contrebandiers, and The Devil’s Fiddle.

He went on to work with Jules Perrot in London at Her Majesty’s Theatre. Pugni was prolific, as we already mentioned, and it said he wrote in fury. Customers who commissioned works would find his compositions a bit crude musically because he wrote in a such a hurry.

In 1851 Pugni moved to St. Petersburg and was given the title of staff composer at the Imperial Ballet. He would stay on there for the next nineteen years and complete compositions for thirty-five ballets. A few of these works include La Esmeralda, The Little Hump-backed Horse, Daughter of Pharaoh, Catarina, ou La Fille du Bandit, and Armide. Pugni died in Russia in 1870.


Manuel de Falla

Our final ballet composer hails from Spain and was born on November 23, 1876. De Falla would go on to become one of Spain’s most influential composers of the twentieth century. De Falla’s portrait would put on the 100-pesetas currency in 1970.

In 1889 de Falla studied piano with Alejandro Odero and learned technique from Enrique Broca. He became briefly interested in literature and founded the literary magazines El Burlón and El Cascabel at the age of fifteen.

At the turn of the century de Falla began to study at the Real Conservatorio de Música y Declamación in Madrid. It was here he would continue his piano lessons with José Tragó and study composition with Felipe Pedrell.

He would complete his composition Melodia while studying at the Conservatory in 1897 and would be awarded first prize in his school’s piano competition. It was at this time that de Falla would compose his first complete works Romanza para violonchelo y piano, Nocturno para piano, Melodia para violonchelo y piano, Serenata andaluza para violin y piano, and Cuarteto en Sol y Mireya.


Seven years later de Falla would move to Paris where he would remain until 1914. It was here where he was introduced to Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, Igor Stravinsky, Florent Schmitt, Isaac Albéniz, and the famous ballet master Sergei Diaghilev.

In 1911-1912 de Falla traveled to London, Milan, and Brussels to perform. While traveling his was looking for a venue to premiere La vida breve, which he wrote after moving to Paris.

Still, it wasn’t until he returned to his home in Madrid where de Falla composed his only two ballets. In 1915 he penned El amor brujo, which includes the well-known Ritual Fire Dance. Two years later he would complete the ballet The Magistrate and the Miller’s Wife, which was reworked to be titled The Three-Cornered Hat. This piece would be produced by Serge Diaghilev with costumes designed by Pablo Picasso.

De Falla moved to Granada in 1921 and stayed there for more than a decade. It was there he composed the puppet opera El retablo de maese Pedro, which was the first time de Falla used a harpsichord in the composition.

In 1939 de Falla relocated to Argentina and continued composing. He became an educator while there but died of a heart attack on November 14, 1946. He was buried back home in Spain and is entombed in the Cádiz cathedral.


For more prestigious ballet pieces from around the world, sign up with Cennarium today for 10 days free!

Share your thoughts...



Get Notified of the Newest Releases and Exclusive Content Available Only to Subscribers!


advertisement advertisement

Latest Post

  • There a many extremely talented deaf performers of all types.4 Deaf Performers
    Deaf performers have extraordinary talents. More than you can maybe imagine from the deaf community. Many deaf performers can be found at Deaf Expos or local community Deaf events in the loc. Deaf […]
  • Musical Leads - Certainly the most important character to set and guide the story and feel of any story.6 of Our Favorite Musical Leads
    Musical leads carry a story on their back, in most cases. While we love our secondary characters with all our hearts, it is hard to deny that the lead characters are the ones who are the center of […]
  • 4 More Famous Operas - Mozart's "Don Giovanni" is one of the most played operas to this date.4 More Famous Operas
    All art worlds have standards and rare gems. The genre of opera is no different. Rock and roll has the Beatles and The Rolling Stones, while film has great actors like Clark Gable and Philip Seymour […]
  • Mariinsky' Theater uses the choreography by Vasily Vainonen for the classic "The Nutcracker" piece.5 Vasily Vainonen Works
    Born just after the turn of the twentieth century, Vasily Vainonen is one of the most notable choreographers in Russian Ballet history. Throughout his dancing career, Vainonen created dances for some […]
  • 3 Musical Works for New Year’s Eve Viewing
    Not everyone likes to head out to a bar or restaurant to ring in the New Year. Some of us prefer to stay off the street and relax with our loved ones at home. Maybe put together a nice dinner and […]

average monthly weight loss after gastric sleeve diet pills amphetamine jogging weight loss what pills help you lose weight dr summers weight loss clinic best diet loss pills low carb diet to lose weight fast detox smoothie recipe for weight loss induced lactation for weight loss veggies for keto diet how to start weight loss trimpro diet pills weight loss after 60 skinny girl diet pills bjj weight loss keto diet plus shark tank elliptical weight loss calculator bontril prescription diet pills do detox foot pads work weight loss weight loss juice fasting eating out keto diet keto diet refund can you eat fruit on the keto diet elipse weight loss chelsea houska weight loss pill how many grams of carbs for keto diet different diet pills lebron diet pills where to get prescription diet pills how to help my cat lose weight vegetables on the keto diet paleo diet vs keto konjac root diet pills keto diet fish oil china diet pills lose weight weight loss pill shown on dr oz show grits keto diet female hormones weight loss

50mg viagra number one natural testosterone booster mens erectile dysfunction pills xgenic male enhancement pills reviews penis enlargement subliminal bulk penis enlargment pills best over the counter male enhancement pill cvs male enhancement blue pills rhino sex pills reviews men pleasure legitimate male enhancement nitroxin male enhancement how to help someone with erectile dysfunction male extract penis pills all natural male enhancement products best testosterone 6 pills strongest cialis pill 1 penis enlargement levitra not working penis sensitivation pills male enhancement oil india which penis enhansment pills does dr oz indores cheap ed pills canada male enhancement for free what will testosterone pills do the top male enhancement products male hormone supplements testosterone male sex enhancement pills natural free male enhancement pills samples best pills for penis for blood flow male enhancement pills prima anxiety and low libido do male enhancement pill make you mean penis enlargement surgery before and after photos hydromax penis pills highest rated testosterone booster testosterone pills for sex life food that increase sex drive

best replacement windows in florida front door replacement windows home window repair sussex wi storm door replacement windows home window repair kissimmee fl replacement windows with screens window repair tempered glass window replacement installing replacement windows best replacement windows atlanta pella window glass replacement door window repairs windows phone glass replacement window shade replacement cord anderson basement window replacement cost to have replacement windows installed simonton window glass replacement double hung window parts replacement window replacement in calgary window replacement tracks casement window replacement operators tinted replacement windows window replacement in nashville tn home window repair murfreesboro tn window installation north bergen nj residential window replacement las vegas window repair baton rouge exterior window casing installation window screen repair houston window replacement spokane wa best window screen repair kit energy efficient glass block windows window screen repair vancouver wa silverado extended cab window replacement window repair wichita window guard installation nyc replacement window sioux falls vinyl hopper windows

cbd oil and plaquenil reputable cbd oil providers cbd oil pure kana cbd oil for periphereal artery disease pain cbd oil in lincoln ne research on cbd oil and parkinsons 20 past 4 cbd oil withdrawal from cbd oil keto and cbd oil savage cbd oil driven hemp oil and frankincense can i take cbd oil with lexapro tinctures or drops of cbd oil los angeles times cbd oil cannvest clinical study hemp cbd oil cbd oil hollywood fl dr axw cbd oil cbd oil dallas tx will charlottes web cbd oil make you fail a drug test hemp cbd oil is legal organic food depot cbd oil false positive for marijuana cbd oil plus cbd oil reveis can you make cbd oil from leaves cbd oil peoples food coop treating anxiety in children with cbd oil natural grow rx cbd oil scam the best organinc cbd oil cbd oil 2000mg healthy care concentration of thc in cbd oil cbd oil 300 mg to ml cbd oil and hormone therapy purx 7 hemp cbd oil cost comparison between zilis and hempworx cbd oil cbd oil cartridge 1000mg huntington beach canadian cbd oil hemp balm gi side effects from cbd oil cannabidiol legal status uk